Not many of us really pay attention to the tyres of our vehicles. We pay attention mainly to our vehicle but it is actually the patterns on the black tyres of our vehicle which ensure our smooth drive on the roads.
The different tyre tread patterns are built to deal with different road conditions and driving styles. Some tyres help in increasing the road traction while some help in expelling small stones. In fact, some tyres are made for aquaplaning resistance. Therefore, the tyre patterns engraved on the tyres are not just a design but also solve a lot of issues while driving. The performance of the tyres as well the drivers relies heavily on them.
No doubt, SUV and racing cars have unique features and have their specific driving purpose. Likewise, their tyres are also built to solve a specific purpose. The SUV and racing cars tyres can be of various brands such as Yokohama Tyres, Kenda Tyres, etc.
The tread patterns play a pivotal role in the performance of these different roles. The tyre tread is the circumference of the circle that makes contact with the ground.
So, let’s have a look at various tyre tread patterns and the problems they solve:
Directional Tyre Tread Patterns: These type of tyres are ideal for sporty cars which drive on wet roads. They have an arrow-shaped tread pattern which enables fast water displacement owing to unimpeded water flow. Therefore, they offer protection against aquaplaning and directional stability as well. They are all-season tyres as they can be used on snow or mud-covered roads. However, they are made to work in only in one particular direction of rotation and hence must be fitted accordingly. One can clearly find an arrow marked on the sidewalls.
Symmetrical Tyre Tread Patterns: Unlike the directional tyre tread pattern, they can be fitted and rotated in either direction. This is so because both halves of the tyre are similar. They offer great road-holding and are particularly quiet. Their low-rolling resistance ensures that fuel consumption is reduced and the lifetime of the tyre is extended. They are mainly employed for driving commercial vehicles. They are cost-efficient and provide good value for money mainly for those who drive over shorter distances.
Asymmetrical Tyre Tread Patterns: One unique feature of these tyres is that they have different tread patterns on inner and outer shoulders as each side provides a different benefit. While the inner sides of the tyre offer water displacement and aquaplaning protection, the outer sides, owing to their rigid tread blocks, provide lateral stiffness which gives one a better grip while driving especially on dry surfaces. Due to these reasons, high performing hatchbacks and sporting cars use this type of tyres. Moreover, the even stiffness of the pattern blocks makes sure that there is no interior noise. However, it also requires correct fitting. The word “outside” must face on the outside of the car.
Flow-optimized Asymmetrical Tyre Tread Patterns: Combining the merits of asymmetrical and directional tyre tread patterns, a flow-optimized asymmetrical tread pattern has been designed. They not only offer great protection against aquaplaning but also a nice grip in wet conditions. Its Shark Skin Technology lowers flow resistance and accelerates water drainage from the surface of the tyre. The outer shoulders provide precise handling when cornering.
Hence, one can conclude that the main function of a tyre tread is actually to provide grip and stability to the vehicle. However, tread which is nothing but a smooth band of rubber, cannot be responsible for the grip alone. So, various tyre tread patterns are cut into it. It greatly influences the performance of your tyres and determines which kind of vehicle can be driven in a particular condition. Whether, it’s mud, snow, ice-water or smooth pavement, one can drive comfortably only when the tread pattern of the vehicle is suitable for the given condition.